Russian, European Union, and Iranian diplomats sounded optimistic as Iran and world powers held their initial talks in five months on 29th November to save their 2015 nuclear pact, despite Iran taking a solid stance in public that Western countries said wouldn’t work. Furthermore, diplomats say that time is running out to revive the 2015 nuclear deal, which then-U.S. President Donald Trump discarded in 2018 in an effort that angered Iran and disappointed the other powers involved – France, Russia, Britain, China, and Germany.
Iranian, Russian, and EU delegates to the nuclear negotiations offered upbeat assessments after the new round started with a session of the remaining parties to the accord, without the U.S. Iran refuses to meet face-to-face. Like the past six rounds of talks that started in April, the U.S. is participating indirectly in the dialogs intended at restricting the nuclear arms development of Iran. Iran insists that its nuclear program used for peaceful intentions will dialog directly with the remaining signatories of the 2015 nuclear pact – China, Germany, France, Britain, and Russia – with EU diplomats shuttling to and fro to consult with the United States side.
World leaders have resumed Vienna talks to restore a nuclear deal with Iran.
— Newsmax (@newsmax) November 30, 2021
Iran Violated the Agreement to Violate Uranium Stockpile Limits
Trump claimed that the nuclear deal was weak and backed Iran, so he pulled out his country from the accord in 2018, after which Iran started stepping away from its commitments. As a result, Iran exceeded its approved limits on the amounts of uranium stockpiles, while it also enriched uranium to higher levels and utilized more innovative centrifuges in nuclear facilities.
Furthermore, the original nuclear pact responded to concerns that Iran was working to build nuclear weapons, which Iran refused, saying its nuclear activities are for security and other uses, such as research and power generation. Iran demands that all European Union and the United States sanctions enacted since 2017 dropped, but Western diplomats expressed that they consider Iranian’s requirements unrealistic.
Robert Malley, the United States negotiator, told BBC Sounds on Saturday that if Iran thinks it can use this time to develop more influence and then come back and say they want something better. However, Malley warned that the United States would be ready to pressure Tehran more if a deal couldn’t be reached.