Talks between Iran and world leaders intended at rescuing a ragged 2015 nuclear agreement resumed in Vienna after a pause of some days, with worries high after Iran made demands the previous week that European nations firmly slammed. Nevertheless, Enrique Mora, the European Union diplomat who chaired the meeting of Thursday of all the remaining participants of the nuclear deal – the United Kingdom, China, Iran, Russia, France, and Germany – said afterward that he felt a revived sense of purpose on the necessity to work and to reach a deal on bringing the deal back to life.
Mora said that whether that will be endorsed and confirmed by talks on the particulars, they will see in the coming days. Furthermore, he said it is becoming more crucial to reach a pact instantly with time. Top negotiator of Iran in nuclear dialogs, Ali Bagheri Kani, noted that he had asserted Tehran was severe in the nuclear talks, emphasizing that Iran was continuing negotiations based on its past positions.
#Iran chief negotiator: What I felt today was different from what I had felt last Friday. I felt other parties have more serious will to enter effective & result-oriented talks…What Iran proposed last week reflected its views on June 20 draft. We’ll continue talks w these views. pic.twitter.com/pKEJvIi5xB
— Abas Aslani (@AbasAslani) December 9, 2021
Will the U.S. join the nuclear deal again?
After negotiations resumed in Vienna, Kani told reporters that Iran is serious about striking a deal if the ground paved. The fact that all signatories want the negotiations to continue shows that all sides want to narrow the gaps. Moreover, the U.S participated indirectly in the negotiations. Former U.S. President Donald Trump withdrew his country from the nuclear pact in 2018. However, Joe Biden, the President of the United States, announced that he wants to come back with the nuclear accord.
So, the U.S. White House plans to send a Robert Malley-led delegation, the notable American envoy for Iran, to Vienna over the weekend. In addition, diplomats from Germany, the United Kingdom, and France urged Iran to come back with practical proposals after the Tehran delegation made several demands last week that other countries to the agreement considered unacceptable. Ned Price, the United States State Department spokesperson, said this week that the United States hopes the later round of negotiations proceeds differently.
Kani held a three-sided conversation with the Russian and Chinese delegations before the dialogs with all the sides of the agreement. At the Vienna discussions, Mikhail Ulyanov, the top representative of Russia, expressed hope that a nuclear deal could finally reach. Additionally, he believes that contacts with Iran and the United States prove that both countries are very serious about reviving the agreement. However, their visions of related ways and means differ.
— Mikhail Ulyanov (@Amb_Ulyanov) December 9, 2021
Iran Ramped up its Nuclear Program
Last week’s nuclear dialogs were the first in over five months, a break caused by a new conservative government in Iran assuming power in Tehran. In 2015, the deal sealed in Vienna, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPA), and it meant to lead in the nuclear program of Iran in response to eased economic sanctions.
Following the United States’ decision to pull out from the deal and reimpose economic sanctions against Tehran, Iran intensified its nuclear program again by enriching uranium beyond the limits allowed in the deal. In addition, Iran restricted monitors from the atomic watchdog of the United Nations from approaching its nuclear facilities, increasing concerns about what the nation is doing out of view.
Yesterday, the U.S. State Department said that the Biden government would strengthen enforcement of economic sanctions on Iran with the report of a senior delegation to the UAE next week.
Furthermore, the nuclear talks delegation, which will include Andrea Gacki, the head of the American Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control, will issue a warning to firms in the United Arab Emirates that are not in compliance with the economic sanctions, according to the statement of the State Department spokesman. The spokesman also said that the United States has evidence of non-compliance and that the companies could later face sanctions or be punished over their dealings.
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